The Precarious Work Research Consortium (PWR) is inviting you to a series of online webinars during September and October leading up to the PWR-EUPHA pre-conference in Berlin.
The aim of these webinars is to start building the grounds to establish a platform for researchers and labor market statisticians seeking a common, actionable definition of precarious and non-standard employment. This platform will work to establish guidelines for collecting and reporting data in national statistics, building on results from the PWR research program and previous work by others.
Save the date for these four occasions:
- Sept 28, 15.00 CEST time – Alejandra Vives (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile) will present the development of the Employment Precariousness Scale. Link: https://ki-se.zoom.us/j/62197475289
- Oct 6, 15.00 CEST time- Wayne Lewchuk (McMaster University) will present the work done within the PEPSO project and the design of the Employment Precarity Index. Link: https://ki-se.zoom.us/j/61782004966
- Oct 12, 15.00 CEST time- Carlsted Boldsen (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe), Frank Schueller (Federal Statistical Office of Germany) and Vincent Hardy (Statistics Canada) will present the UNECE work on quality and forms of employment. Link: https://ki-se.zoom.us/j/66770194522
- Oct 27, 15.00 CEST time – Neil Pearce (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) will present the projects ISAAC/DEGREE, which have been using standardized and modularized protocols and surveys. Link: https://ki-se.zoom.us/j/65315365834
Covid-19 and the sandwich generation: how do we care for the carers?
In the last year, the way Covid-19 has tested government resources and increased unemployment has made family support even more crucial. This is manifesting in increased strain on both time and finances for the sandwich generation. A key question is how its economic impact will delay young people’s progress toward important life and financial milestones, which will feed into their ability to function independently later on. https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20210128-why-the-sandwich-generation-is-so-stressed-out
Virtual working life:
Video chat is helping us stay employed and connected. But what makes it so tiring – and how can we reduce ‘Zoom fatigue’? Then there’s the fact that aspects of our lives that used to be separate – work, friends, family – are all now happening in the same space. When these aspects are reduced, we become more vulnerable to negative feelings. https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20200421-why-zoom-video-chats-are-so-exhausting
Why virtual team-building activities feel agonizing: The words ‘team building’ may stoke fear in our hearts at the best of times, but during a pandemic, they often mean several extra hours on Zoom – something we could all live without. https://www.bbc.com/worklife/article/20201229-why-virtual-team-building-activities-feel-agonizing
- We need a global reskilling revolution: More than 1 billion jobs are likely to be transformed by technology in the next decade, according to OECD estimates. As jobs are transformed by the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, we need to reskill almost one-third of all jobs worldwide by 2030. In the next two years – by 2022 – 42% of core skills required to perform existing jobs are expected to change. In addition to high-tech skills, specialized interpersonal skills will be in high demand, including skills related to sales, human resources, care and education.
- Machines to ‘do half of all work tasks by 2025’: Routine or manual jobs in administration and data processing are most at threat of automation. But new jobs would emerge in care, big data and the green economy.
- Why skills – not degrees – will shape the future of work: While our parents likely held one job for life, most of us have had several – and not just jobs but careers, too. Clearly, the future of work will not be about college degrees; it will be about job skills. However, if we shift our focus from degrees to skills, we’ll enable a bigger workforce that represents the diversity of our populations, and will help close the all too familiar opportunity and employment gaps. Interestingly, the future of work will not only be about hard skills; it will be about holistic job skills.
Living, working and COVID-19 - Eurofund:
This report tries to capture the far-reaching implications of the pandemic for the way people live and work across Europe. The report is divided in three parts focusing on the impact of the pandemic on people´s lives, working during the COVID-19 pandemic and support measures and their roles. Major findings were:
- Increases in working hours and lower levels of job insecurity reported in July compared to April. However, large inequalities between specific groups across the EU have emerged.
- Over half of unemployed respondents did not receive any official financial support since the outbreak of COVID-19, forcing many to rely heavily on informal support.
- Young people are emerging as some of lockdown’s biggest losers who, along with those out of work, report the lowest levels of well-being.
- The pandemic has also affected the work–life balance of women more than men, with women impacted more in terms of reduced working hours and young women more likely to lose their job than men.
Remote working –The new normal:
How will working from home affect the world of work after the pandemic? More and more companies across the globe are already planning for permanent remote working (cnn business, business insider). This opens a discussion on salaries, which are likely to change in order to match local costs of living (facebook pay cuts). A recent publication “Teleworkability and the COVID-19 crisis: a new digital divide?” discusses the extent of teleworking in the EU before and during the COVID-19 outbreak, develops a conceptual analysis to identify the jobs that can be done from home and those that cannot, and on this basis quantifies the fraction of employees that are in teleworkable occupations across EU countries, sectors and socio-economic profiles.
Impacts of minimum wages, review of the international evidence:
More and more countries are discussing and/or introducing minimum wages. This review comparing wage and employment changes across demographic and regional groups, finds small impact on employment and hours from the 2016 introduction of the National Living Wage. Overall, existing research therefore points to a muted effect of minimum wages on employment, while suggesting that minimum wages significantly increase the earnings of low paid workers. Especially for the set of studies that consider broad groups of workers, the overall evidence base suggests an employment impact of close to zero. These ex post evaluations point to a much more modest impact on employment than often assumed in prospective simulation studies.
Governments worldwide are adopting a range of ad-hoc schemes, including paid furloughs, cash transfers and family support to cope with the current crisis. But what are the limitations to such supports and what can be done?
“Financing gaps in social protection Global estimates and strategies for developing countries in light of the COVID-19 crisis and beyond”:
This ILO working paper has just been released in October. This paper provides updated regional and global estimates of the costs and financing gaps for targets 1.3 and 3.8 of the SDGs relating to social protection and health care in 2020 and projections of incremental financial needs for reaching universal coverage in 2030. The estimates incorporate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the financing gaps for both social protection and health care in 2020 and, to a lesser extent, its projected effects in 2021.
“Social protection for migrant workers: A necessary response to the Covid-19 crisis”:
Migrant workers are often over-represented in some of the sectors hardest hit by the crisis (hospitality, domestic work), while at the same time they also face more health-related risks as they often carry out essential jobs such as in health care, agriculture and agro-food processing. Even if It is widely recognized that migrant workers are major contributors to social and economic development, they face specific challenges in accessing social protection, including health care and income security, making them more vulnerable to the health and socio-economic impacts caused by COVID-19.
Covid-19 and Social Protection:
Even before COVID-19, 69 per cent of the global population was either not covered, or only partially covered, by social security. With the current ad-hoc schemes nothing is done to change the underlying circumstances of all the millions of vulnerable workers and individuals worldwide, and no action is taken to put them in a better standing to face future crisis.